Political Agreement For Peace And Reconciliation

During the discussion that followed, delegates welcomed the signing of the peace agreement in February, with the French delegate welcoming the additional steps taken by the government to ensure that it was respected. He noted that France is providing 10 million euros to support the government and 28 million euros for rapid action programmes and called on all actors to ensure that electoral preparations take place in a serene atmosphere. In addition, it became clear that misunderstandings remained about the implementation of certain provisions, including amnesty and power-sharing; Touadéra said publicly that there would be no impunity for members of armed groups and that armed groups should be involved in the political process. The desire for amnesty for armed groups is also not taken into account, creating a potential source of future conflicts. These challenges underscore the need for a comprehensive implementation process that allows for ongoing mediation and negotiation. MINUSCA`s initial mandate was to protect the civilian population and support the political process, including supporting reconciliation efforts, demobilization of armed groups, security sector reform and the fight against impunity. With the political process that President Touadéra has followed since his election, MINUSCA has reduced its strong mandate to the strategic objective, the presence of armed groups and the threat they pose to the Car. The raising of the ceiling of 900 military personnel authorized by Security Council Resolution 2387 (2017) refers to 13,730 uniformed health workers (11,650 military personnel and 2,080 police officers) who are currently part of MINUSCA. On 13 December 2018, the Security Council adopted Resolution 2448 (2018), which extended THE mandate of MINISSA by one year, despite the abstentions of Russia and China. On the other hand, a plan to build trust between armed groups and the government by creating joint military units falls well short of the timetable, raising doubts that the initiative can work. Under the peace agreement, „mixed special security units“ are expected to have up to 1,200 fighters from the armed group.

On 27 August, the leader of the Mahamat Al Khatim rebel group of the Patriotic Movement for the Central African Republic (MPC) resigned from his post in the Prime Minister`s Office due to disputes over the units. Sidiki Abbas, leader of the rebel group 3R, followed suit. There are also differences of opinion within the government and different armed groups on their respective roles and responsibilities within these units – which is accentuated by the lack of specificity of the Khartoum agreement. For the units to succeed, they will require serious attention from the parties to the Agreement and the international community. A second major criticism is that the agreement excludes civil society, other unarmed actors and new armed groups. Government mediators decided to involve only the 14 groups that signed the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Agreement in the 2015 National Dialogue for Peace and Reconciliation, known as the Bangui Forum.